Have you ever wondered how similar or different two countries are? The Country Similarity Index attempts to quantify how similar countries are to each other relative to other countries. The index is a statistically-based way to measure this. It weighs equally five major aspects of countries: their demographics, culture, politics, infrastructure, and geography. The methodology is exactly the same for each country. The research combines 1,000 different data points to arrive at the conclusions.
Similar to other Latin American countries
There are many countries with a high degree of similarity with Brazil. Latin American countries are especially similar to Brazil since they are generally Catholic, speak Romance languages, and are neither especially poor, nor especially rich. Their governments also have similar liberal policies except in regards to abortion.
Although both Brazil and Portugal speak Portuguese, there are significant differences between the countries, especially in geography and infrastructure. Furthermore, its people are younger and have greater racial diversity.
All of the countries least similar to Brazil are located in desert climates. With the exception of Eritrea, they are all Muslim majority countries that do not have well developed infrastructure and have far more conservative laws.
Top 10 Places Most Similar to Brazil
- Colombia is the most similar country to Brazil, despite speaking Spanish instead of Portuguese. Both countries share similar demographics and level of development. In addition, both have significant portions of their territory covered by rainforest. However Colombia is much more mountainous than Brazil.
- Venezuela‘s geography is very similar to Brazil and Colombia, since it is also mostly rainforest. It also borders the Atlantic Ocean and is less mountainous than Colombia. The one big difference is that Venezuela’s government is more anarchic, due to the recent presidential crisis.
- Peru is also similar to Brazil, however it has more of a Native American influence on its demographics and culture. Still, both have tropical climates, although Peru is significantly more mountainous. In fact, the Andes Mountains of Peru are the source of the Amazon River.
- Ecuador is located between Peru and Colombia. It is another South American country with a tropical climate, although it is much more mountainous. The country is also less democratic than Brazil, but they both have similar laws and form of government.
- Paraguay is to the southwest of Brazil, therefore its climate and landscape is especially similar to southern Brazil. Their agriculture is very similar. Both countries grow a lot of corn and soybean. However, unlike other countries on this list it is landlocked. The countries both get most of their electricity from hydropower. In fact they even share a large dam on Paraná River at their border.
- Argentina, 7. Uruguay, 8. Dominican Republic, 9. Panama, 10. El Salvador
Top 10 Places Least Similar to Brazil
- Yemen is by far the least similar country to Brazil. It is located in the Arabian Desert and borders the Indian Ocean. It is a conservative Muslim country with little cultural or geographic similarity to Brazil. The country is much drier and its landscape is much more mountainous, although both countries typically have high temperatures. Due to on-going civil war, the country’s infrastructure is not well developed.
- Somalia is located across the Gulf of Aden from Yemen. Its desert landscape contrasts Brazil’s lush tropical rainforests. Its policies are also extremely conservative, compared to more liberal Brazil. In addition, Somalia’s demographics are also dissimilar. Like Yemen, the country’s government has a great deal of instability. Still, unlike other countries on this list it typically uses the Latin alphabet, like Brazil.
- Eritrea is located in Africa, across the Red Sea from Yemen. It is the only country on this list with a majority Christian population, however its Christians are of the unique Oriental Orthodox religion. It Its government has been a dictatorship for almost 20 years.
- Afghanistan is an extremely mountainous and landlocked Asian country with a dry climate. Its infrastructure and government also differ significantly from Brazil. Still, the native language of both countries are distantly related, since they are both part of the Indo-European language family.
- Sudan is yet another war torn Muslim country on this list. It is located in the Sahara Desert and borders the Red Sea. The country recently lost some territory to the newly formed country of South Sudan.
- Japan, 7. Niger, 8. North Korea, 9. Saudi Arabia, 10. Bhutan
Full Ranking of Countries and Territories Most Similar to Brazil
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