Same Climate, but Very Different Countries

There are a few countries that have a similar climate, but have little else in common. A list of these countries was developed by analyzing the data from the Country Similarity Index, that weighs equally five major aspects of countries: their demographics, culture, politics, infrastructure, and geography.

AUSTRALIA-CHAD

(35.1 similarity)

On average, the climate in both Australia and Chad is hot and dry. As a result, most of their land has either a hot desert climate or a hot semi-arid climate. These countries also have a significant amount of land in the tropical savanna climates.

However, these countries are vastly different in almost all other respects. Most people in Chad have Sub-Saharan African ancestry, while most Australians have European ancestry. The majority of people in Chad are Muslim, while Australians are mostly Christian. Chad’s official languages are Arabic and French, unlike English-speaking Australia. While Australia is a democracy, Chad was lead by an authoritarian dictator for decades. Not only is Chad’s infrastructure far less developed than Australia’s, they have different technology standards. Australia drives on the left and uses Type I electrical outlets, unlike Chad. Furthermore, Chad is a landlocked country in Africa, while Australia is located an island and has a lot of coastline.

AustraliaMali and AustraliaSomalia are also far different pairs of countries with climates that are hot and dry.

MALAWI-TAIWAN

(36.0 similarity)

Generally speaking, the climate in both Malawi and Taiwan is hot and wet. These countries would be best described as subtropical countries, located somewhere between the truly tropical and temperate climate zones. In the winter they tend to be drier and in the summer they tend to be wetter.

Other than their climates, these countries are vastly different in most other aspects. Most people in Malawi have Sub-Saharan African ancestry, while most people in Taiwan have East Asian ancestry. The majority of people in Malawi are Christian, while Taiwanese practice Buddhism and traditional Chinese religions. Their languages and writing systems are also completely different. Not only is Taiwan’s infrastructure far more developed than Malawi’s, they have different technology standards. Taiwan drives on the right and uses Type A, B electrical outlets, unlike Malawi. Furthermore, Malawi is a landlocked country in Africa, while Taiwan is an island nation in the Pacific Ocean.

REPUBLIC OF CONGO-SINGAPORE

(38.2 similarity)

Both Singapore and the Republic of Congo are both in tropical climate zone. They are typically quite hot and they tend to get a lot of rainfall. In addition, these countries experience seasonal monsoons.

However, there is not much else these countries have in common. Most people in the Republic of Congo have Sub-Saharan African ancestry, while most people in Singapore have East Asian ancestry, since much of its population has Chinese heritage. The Republic of Congo was a French colony, whereas Singapore was a British colony. Not only is Singapore’s infrastructure far more developed, these countries have different technology standards. Singapore drives on the left and uses Type G electrical outlets, unlike the Republic of Congo. Furthermore, the Republic of Congo is heavily forested and sparsely populated. In contrast, most of Singapore’s land is urbanized, since its entire population lives on a small island.

HaitiSingapore, LiberiaSingapore, and Equatorial GuineaSingapore are also far different pairs of countries that have tropical climates.

BAHAMAS-CAMBODIA

(39.1 similarity)

The vast majority of the land in the Bahamas and Cambodia has a tropical savanna climate. They tend to get a lot of rainfall during the summer, but during the winter they are quite dry. Their average temperatures are relatively warm and they do not change a lot throughout the year.

Other having the same climate, these nations do not have much else in common. Most people in the Bahamas have Sub-Saharan African ancestry, while most people in Cambodia have East Asian ancestry. The majority of people in the Bahamas are Christian, while most people in Cambodia are Buddhist. Their languages and writing systems are also far different. Another difference is that Cambodia is a one-party state, while the Bahamas is far more democratic. The Bahamas drives on the left. It also uses lower voltage mains electricity. Furthermore, Cambodia is mostly rice fields, while the Bahamas is heavily forested.

BahamasBangladesh is another pair of far different countries that both have a lot of tropical savanna land.

CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC-THAILAND

(39.9 similarity)

Most of the land in the Central African Republic and Thailand has a tropical savanna climate. They tend to get a lot of rainfall during the summer, but during the winter they are quite dry. Their average temperatures are relatively warm and they do not change a lot throughout the year.

Still, these countries are vastly different in almost all other respects. Most people in Central African Republic have Sub-Saharan African ancestry, while most people in Thailand have East Asian ancestry. Their languages are unrelated and they also do not use the same writing system. Furthermore, the majority of people in Central African Republic are Christian, while most people in Thailand are Buddhist. Thailand’s infrastructure is more developed and its standards of living are higher. Thailand drives on the left, unlike Central African Republic. Moreover, Thailand is located in Asia and is more densely populated.

South SudanThailand and Guinea BissauThailand are also pairs of countries that have tropical savanna climates, but are far different in other characteristics.

Do you agree with this list? Any other pairs of countries that you would add?
Please leave any thoughts in the comments section.

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