Have you ever wondered how similar or different two states are? The State Similarity Index attempts to quantify how similar states are to each other relative to other states. The index is a statistically-based way to measure this. The index weights equally five major aspects of states: their demographics, culture, politics, infrastructure, and geography. The research combines 1,000 different data points to arrive at the conclusions.
Top 5 States Most Similar to Ohio
Ohio is a Midwestern state in the Great Lakes region. It is one of the most average states in the country. The state is located in the Rust Belt, an area of the United States that was once dominated by the manufacturing industry, before its recent decline due to outsourcing. The state has a mix of flat terrain with farmlands and mountainous lands covered in forests. The state is not politically extreme as well. The state voted for Obama twice and Trump twice.
- Indiana is just to the west of Ohio. Both states were part of the Northwest Territories, until it was split up into Ohio and Indiana territory in the early 1800s. They both border the Ohio River and the Great Lakes. The states have a similar climate, so their agriculture is similar as well. They both grow a mix of corn and soybeans. There is not a huge amount of difference between the two states, except that Indiana tends to vote more conservatively. In recent times it has almost always voted for Republican presidents, while Ohio is more of a swing-state.
- Michigan borders Ohio to the North. In their early years, the exact location of this border was disputed, leading to a long standing rivalry between the states. The average income and education level in these states is similar. They also have a low percentage of people in the military. However, Ohio leans more towards Republicans than Democrats. Michigan also has far more coastline than Ohio, since it borders four of the five great lakes. It gets much more snowfall and has colder weather.
- Pennsylvania is to the east of Ohio. It is especially similar to Ohio politically, since neither Democrats not Republicans are especially dominate there. Its demographics are also fairly similar to Pennsylvania’s. Their population density is nearly identical as well. Both states border Lake Erie. However, although some of the Appalachian Mountains are in Ohio, its terrain is much more mountainous than Ohio’s. It also has far more forested land. Pennsylvania was also an original colony, so it has a longer history of colonization.
- Wisconsin is yet another Midwestern state on this list. Although Ohio has tended to vote for Republicans for president more often than Wisconsin, both of their state legislatures are relatively evenly split between Democrats and Republicans. Their infrastructure is also similar. Both states create electricity from a variety of sources, including natural gas, coal, and nuclear power and they use about the same amount of electricity per capita. One difference is that Ohio is in the Eastern Time Zone, not Central.
- Missouri is the only state in the top five that does not border one of the Great Lakes. Still, these two states share many characteristics. The racial background of its people are nearly identical. Both are mostly White and have few Asians or Latinos, while they have a significant percentage of Blacks in their major cities. However, the state favors Republicans significantly more than Ohio. It is also more sparsely populated and located further to the west.
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Top 5 States Least Similar to Ohio
The five least similar states to Ohio are all in the western portion of the United States. They are all more sparsely populated and have a lower percentage of urban area than Ohio. Furthermore, with the exception of Utah, these states have a much lower percentage of Whites than Ohio. Another difference is that economies of these states rely less on manufacturing.
- Hawaii has far different demographics, culture, politics, infrastructure and geography from Ohio. It has a much higher percentage of Asian people and a lower percentage of White people. Hawaii is also one of the most liberal states and in recent years almost always votes for Democrats. It is also the farthest state from Ohio. Its climate is much hotter than Ohio’s since it is so far south.
- California has far different demographics, culture, and geography from Ohio. It has a much higher percentage of Latinos and a lower percentage of White people. A far greater percentage of its people rely on public transportation. California is also one of the most liberal states. Its people earn more money per capita and it also has a higher minimum wage. A lower percentage of its land is used for farming and it tends to grow fruit and vegetables, not soybean and corn like Ohio.
- Alaska is colder, far more mountainous, and has much more coastline than Ohio. It is also far less densely populated and developed. Alaska also has a high percentage of people in the military in contrast to Ohio. While Ohio has a lot of farming, Alaska is too cold to be farmed commercially. Alaska’s Native American population is significantly higher than Ohio’s as well. While cell phone coverage is nearly ubiquitous across all parts of Ohio, an extremely low percentage of Alaska’s land has coverage.
- Utah‘s culture and geography are extremely different from Ohio. Utah’s population is mostly Mormon. In addition, it is the youngest state on average. Furthermore, it has a higher percentage of married people. In addition, Utah’s climate is quite dry and much of the state is a desert. Ohio and Utah are also different politically. Utah nearly always votes for Republicans in state-wide elections.
- Nevada is much more sparsely populated than Ohio and is mostly barren desert. Furthermore, like California, it has a far higher percentage of Latinos than Ohio. In contrast to Ohio, its buildings and infrastructure have been built far more recently, since the state has experienced huge population growth. However, one similarity is that neither the Democrats nor the Republicans in these states have a huge advantage.
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Ohio is like if Indiana was more like Pennsylvania
According to the Index, Indiana is the most similar state to Ohio. However, these states do have a few differences as well. Pennsylvania is one state that has many of the traits of Ohio that Indiana lacks. Indiana is more conservative politically than Pennsylvania and Ohio, so it favors Republicans more. It does not ban smoking in most public places. In addition, it has not yet banned corporal punishment in schools. It also has less regulation on homeschooling. In addition, Pennsylvania and Ohio have more mining than Indiana. The Appalachian Mountains also run through part of both states.
Full Ranking of States Most Similar to Ohio
All data accurate as of 2020.
Most Similar Demographics: Michigan
Most Similar Culture: Indiana
Most Similar Government: Pennsylvania
Most Similar Infrastructure: Indiana
Most Similar Geography: Indiana
Least Similar Demographics: Hawaii
Least Similar Culture: Hawaii
Least Similar Government: Hawaii
Least Similar Infrastructure: Hawaii
Least Similar Geography: Hawaii
Would it be possible for you to develop a “Regions of the United States” map, similar to the one you created for the world?
Just a suggestion, I think that could be interesting.
Big fan of your work, by the way.
Thanks, it definitely will be done