Which Countries are Most Similar to Peru? 2.0

Have you ever wondered how similar or different two countries are? The Country Similarity Index attempts to quantify how similar countries are to each other relative to other countries. The index is a statistically-based way to measure this. It weighs equally five major aspects of countries: their demographics, culture, politics, infrastructure, and geography. The methodology is exactly the same for each country. The research combines 1,000 different data points to arrive at the conclusions.

Similar to other Latin American countries

There are many countries with a lot of similarity with Peru. Latin American countries are especially similar to Peru since they are generally Catholic, speak Romance languages, and are neither especially poor, nor especially rich. Another similarity is that the top five most similar countries are democracies that use the presidential system of government.

Four of the five least similar countries are predominately Muslim, Arabic-speaking countries located in desert climates. They also have more conservative laws. In addition, four of the five are far wealthier countries and have more developed infrastructure.

Top 10 Places Most Similar to Peru

  1. Ecuador is another country located in the Andes Mountains that also has a significant population of Quechuan speakers. In addition, their governments are similar since they are both multi-party democracies with unicameral legislatures. Both countries have mandatory military service and legalized prostitution. However, Ecuador has a bigger percentage of Africans than Peru.
  2. Colombia is also in the Andes Mountains and has large percentage of rainforest. Both countries have a low percentage of agricultural land, but grow coffee and rice. However, Colombia has a larger percentage of Africans and Europeans. In addition, the United States has had a far greater influence on Colombia than Peru.
  3. Bolivia like Peru, has a significant amount of Quechuan speaking people. They were both part of the Incan Empire. Peru and Bolivia also have mostly tropical climates with some mountainous desert areas. Both have both Type A, B and Type C electrical outlets with 220 voltage. They also use the ISDB broadcast standard for their television networks.
  4. Mexico is in North America, but it still shares many similar traits with Peru. The predominant race of both countries is Mestizo. They also have both rainforest and desert areas. In addition, both countries drive on the right and have standard gauge railroads, but their networks are mainly for freight, not passengers. However, the Mexican diet has far more corn in it than Peru.
  5. Chile is yet another mountainous country located on the Pacific Coast on this list. The ancestry of the people in both countries generally comes from Native Americans and Europeans. Their diets are similar, although Chileans eat less fruits. In addition, Chile has a higher standard of living than Peru. Another difference is that Chile does not have any tropical rainforests. Still, they both have a significant portion of desert land.
  6. Honduras, 7. Nicaragua, 8. Guatemala, 9. El Salvador, 10. Paraguay

Top 10 Places Least Similar to Peru

  1. Japan is an archipelago in the Pacific Ocean. The country has little demographic, technological, or cultural similarity to Peru. Japan’s infrastructure is especially different. They drive on the left and use the 3′-6″ railroad gauge. They also use a different TV broadcasting standard. However, Japan and Peru are both quite mountainous and have a lot of rainfall.
  2. Bahrain is a small, densely populated, and highly developed island in the Persian Gulf. Its climate is extremely dry, in contrast to the tropical rainforests of Peru. Furthermore, the country is mostly Muslim. In addition, its government is a monarchy, not a democracy.
  3. Qatar is similar to Bahrain and Kuwait. It is a peninsula in the Persian Gulf, connected to Saudi Arabia. It has one of the highest GDPs per capita in the world in contrast to Peru. In addition, its government is a monarchy, not a democracy. Like Bahrain, its government is also run by a monarch.
  4. Sudan, unlike other countries on this list, is far poorer than Peru. In addition, its government is much more conservative and anarchic. Its people have a mix of African and Middle Eastern ancestry. Although it is not located on the Arabian peninsula, its people natively speak a variety of Arabic.
  5. Kuwait is located in the Arabian Desert between Iraq and Saudi Arabia. It is another extremely wealthy, developed, and highly urbanized Muslim country on this list. Its terrain is quite flat and it does not get much rainfall.
  6. Saudi Arabia, 7. Somalia, 8. Singapore, 9. South Korea, 10. North Korea

    Full Ranking of Countries and Territories Most Similar to Peru

Do you agree with the list?
Please leave any thoughts in the comments section.


  1. fun fact, peru has one of the biggest japanese colonies outside japan, alberto fujimori, who has japanese blood, was president of peru and his daughter keiko is still involved in peruvian politics


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