Have you ever wondered how similar or different two countries are? The Country Similarity Index attempts to quantify how similar countries are to each other relative to other countries. The index is a statistically-based way to measure this. It weighs equally five major aspects of countries: their demographics, culture, politics, infrastructure, and geography. The methodology is exactly the same for each country. The research combines 1,000 different data points to arrive at the conclusions.
Similar to other Latin American countries, especially Uruguay and Chile
There are many countries with a high degree of similarity with Argentina. Latin American countries are especially similar to Argentina since they are generally Catholic, speak Romance languages. Their governments also generally have similar liberal policies.
Paraguay did not make the top 5 most similar, in part because most people there speak the Guarani language, in addition to Spanish that has been greatly influenced by it.
The least similar countries come from some of the poorer countries in East Asia and also Africa.
Top 10 Places Most Similar to Argentina
- Uruguay is located across the Rio de la Plata from Buenos Aires. It is one of the most similar countries to Argentina in every aspect: demographics, culture, politics, technology, and geography. Both countries are primarily Catholic, although Uruguay is slightly less religious. They also have extremely similar diets, heavy in beef and wheat. However, Uruguay does not have any tall mountains and its landscape has more variation.
- Chile is Argentina’s neighbor to the west. The two share the third longest border in the world along the Andes Mountains. Like Argentina and Uruguay, it is one of the most developed countries in Latin America. Its technology is especially similar to Argentina because they are the only Latin American countries to use a 5′ 6″ railroad track gauge.
- Mexico is the only North American country on this list. Its demographics are similar to Argentina, since their average incomes and education are comparable. In addition, both countries have some of the driest average climates in Latin America. One big difference is their diet and agriculture. It is far more based in corn. It is also more densely populated.
- Peru is also similar to Argentina, however it has more of a Native American influence on its demographics and culture. In addition, its standard of living is slightly lower. Both countries use a mixture of natural gas and hydroelectricity to create power.
- Colombia is another Latin American to the north of Peru. Although both countries have the Andes Mountains, its climate is warmer and gets more rainfall than Argentina. Furthermore, it is more racially diverse than Argentina. Still, both Spanish speaking countries are mostly Catholic. They are also both democracies that use the presidential system.
- Brazil , 7. Ecuador, 8. Venezuela, 9. Paraguay, 10. Spain
Top 10 Places Least Similar to Argentina
- Sudan is a war torn Muslim country located in the Sahara Desert, bordering the Red Sea. The country recently lost some territory to the newly formed country of South Sudan. Although both countries are quite dry, Sudan’s landscape is more barren.
- North Korea has obvious political differences with Argentina. The country’s government is more authoritarian and less democratic. The country is also far less religious than Argentina and shares very little in common culturally with it. Both countries have a fairly temperate climate, although North Korea is colder on average.
- Cambodia is another Asian country, although it is far different from North Korea. It has a tropical climate and gets far more rainfall than Argentina. Most people in Cambodia are Buddhist, unlike Argentina. Furthermore, they use the unique Khmer script for their writing.
- Somalia is far poorer than Argentina. Its infrastructure is not well developed due to on-going civil war. Its extremely hot climate contrasts Argentina more temperate one, although both are fairly dry. In addition, its government’s policies, influenced by its Muslim population, are extremely conservative, compared to more liberal Argentina. Still, both countries use the Latin alphabet, although their respective languages are completely unrelated.
- Eritrea is located on the Red Sea, close to Somalia. The country is primarily desert and also quite mountainous. Its government is a totalitarian one-party dictatorship. Like other countries on this list it has poorly developed infrastructure. Although its population is about 50% Christian, they are part of the Oriental Orthodox denomination. Linguistically, Eritrea has no similarity as well since they speak Afroasiatic languages and use the Ge’ez script.
- Yemen, 7. Mauritania, 8. Bangladesh, 9. Laos, 10. Sierra Leone
Full Ranking of Countries and Territories Most Similar to Argentina
Do you agree with the list?
Please leave any thoughts in the comments section.