Which Countries are Most Similar to Mongolia? 2.0

Have you ever wondered how similar or different two countries are? The Country Similarity Index attempts to quantify how similar countries are to each other relative to other countries. The index is a statistically-based way to measure this. It weighs equally five major aspects of countries: their demographics, culture, politics, infrastructure, and geography. The methodology is exactly the same for each country. The research combines 1,000 different data points to arrive at the conclusions.

Similar to Kazakhstan

There are very few countries similar to Mongolia. Kazakhstan is the closest, along with the other Central Asian countries. Due to the heavy Russian influence in Mongolia, the top 5 countries most similar to Mongolia were all part of the former USSR. Although these countries share a similar culture and geography with Mongolia, the big difference is that Mongolia is mostly Buddhist, not Muslim. However, these countries have high levels of irreligion. Appropriately, Russia and China have about the same similarity when compared to Mongolia, due to its fusion of Russian and East Asian traits.

The least similar countries are all islands that have been controlled by the British at one time or another. As a result, they all have English as one of their official languages, drive on the left, and have parliamentary systems of government. The four least similar countries are also much more densely populated. In addition, these countries get a lot more rainfall on average than Mongolia.

Top 10 Places Most Similar to Mongolia

  1. Kazakhstan is another landlocked country that borders both China and Russia. The area was once part of the vast Mongol Empire. They are two of the least densely populated countries in the world. They both have a mix of dry desert lands and also temperate grasslands. Unlike other Central Asia countries, Kazakhstan and Mongolia both primarily use coal to generate power. In addition, both countries excel in wrestling.
  2. Kyrgyzstan is located between Kazakhstan and China. The ancestry of the people in Kyrgyzstan is more similar to Mongolia than other Central Asian countries. In fact, the area was once know as Moghulistan. However, Kyrgyzstan is much more mountainous and its climate is not quite as dry.
  3. Uzbekistan is another country similar to Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan that was once part of the Mongol Empire and also the Soviet Union. One difference is that Uzbekistan is almost entirely powered by natural gas. Uzbeks also eat far more fruits and vegetables than Mongolians, still the diet of both countries is dominated by wheat products.
  4. Turkmenistan is just to the south of Uzbekistan, so it has a greater Persian and Muslim influence. Although both countries have a single party that is dominant, Turkmenistan is an authoritarian dictatorship, while Mongolia is much more democratic. In addition, unlike Mongolia, it uses a lot of water to irrigate its land. It also does not use the Cyrillic alphabet.
  5. Tajikistan is the only country on this list without a majority of Turkic people since Tajiks are Persian. Still, it is another Central Asian country highly influenced by Russia. Both countries adopted the Cyrillic writing system although their native languages were originally written in a different script. While both countries are landlocked, Tajikistan is much more mountainous.
  6. Azerbaijan, 7. Armenia, 8. Ukraine, 9. China, 10. Russia

Top 10 Places Least Similar to Mongolia

  1. Trinidad & Tobago‘s geography is especially different from Mongolia, since it is a densely populated group of tropical islands in the Caribbean. The country has a mix of people with African and Indian ancestry. Although both countries are democracies, they have different systems of government. Trinidad & Tobago also heavily restricts abortion.
  2. Bahamas is quite similar to Trinidad and Tobago. On average, its people are much wealthier and have a higher standard of living than Mongolians. The country is mostly Protestant Christian. In addition, the Bahamas is closely aligned with the United States politically, in contrast to Mongolia, which receives most of its weapons from Russia.
  3. Singapore is yet another former British colony on this list. However, Singapore’s population has East Asian ancestry, like Mongolia. It also has a significant Buddhist population, although few people there practice the Vajrayana Buddhism. Most of Singapore’s land is urban area, in stark contrast to Mongolia’s vast landscape. Singapore also has the death penalty, while Mongolia does not even allow life in prison sentences.
  4. United Kingdom is a densely populated island, in contrast to landlocked Mongolia. In addition, not only is it vastly more developed, but its infrastructure is quite different since it drives on the left and has standard gauge railroad tracks. The biggest aspect they have in common is that they are both on the Eurasian plate and have distantly related flora and fauna. Both countries had ruled large parts of the world in the past, while Mongolia used horses to travel, while Britain used boats.
  5. New Zealand is yet another English-speaking country on this list. It is an group of islands located in the South Pacific Ocean. Like Britain, its infrastructure is quite different from Mongolia. It has a lot of cars, but few people take the train. It drives on the left and uses a different standard railroad gauge. However, both countries have a low population density.
  6. Solomon Islands, 7. Canada, 8. Malawi, 9. Bangladesh, 10. Liberia

    Full Ranking of Countries and Territories Most Similar to Mongolia

Do you agree with the list?
Please leave any thoughts in the comments section.


  1. Now I feel like that pedantic nerd nobody wants to listen to. The link for the full ranking just leads back to this page, though. Spain’s link is broken as well.


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