Which Countries are Most Similar to Finland?

Have you ever wondered how similar or different two countries are? The Country Similarity Index attempts to quantify how similar countries are to each other relative to other countries. The index is a statistically-based way to measure this. The index weights equally five major aspects of countries: their demographics, culture, politics, technology, and geography. In addition each aspect was roughly balanced evenly between quantity/percentage and quality/type. See this post for a full explanation: https://objectivelists.home.blog/2020/05/30/country-similarity-index/

Similar to both Scandinavian and Baltic countries

Although Finland’s language is not even in the same family as Scandinavian countries, they still have a high degree of similar traits. In addition, due to its close proximity and history with Russia, but also its full membership in the European Union, it also has similar characteristics of Baltic countries, especially Estonia and Latvia.

Top 10 Places Most Similar to Finland

  1. Sweden is extremely similar to Finland, due in part to the fact that Finland was part of Sweden for almost 700 years. In fact, Swedish is still one of Finland’s official languages. Although the Swedish language is vastly different from Finnish, the two languages use essentially the same alphabet and orthography. Both countries are mostly Protestant but are not especially religious. One big difference is that Sweden does not use the Euro.
  2. Norway is another Scandinavian country, similar to Finland and Sweden. The countries have a similar standard of living and climate. However, there are also some big differences. Finland is quite flat, while Norway is extremely mountainous. In addition, Norway is not in the European Union, nevertheless it still is part of the Nordic Council.
  3. Estonia is the most linguistically similar country to Finland, since they both speak Finnic languages. However, there is also a high percentage of Russian speakers in Estonia. Because of this greater Russian influence, there are actually more Orthodox Christians than Protestants there, but both countries have many atheists. Estonia also has a very similar sports culture to Finland, since they both like ice hockey, soccer, and basketball, but also have done well in wrestling, cross-country skiing and track & field at the Olympics.
  4. Latvia is another country that had been part of the Soviet Union but is now in the European Union. Due to Russian influence, both counties use 5 ft. gauge railroad tracks. Although both countries use the Latin alphabet, unlike Estonia and Finland, their people speak an Indo-European language. Another difference is that Latvia is more conservative and less prosperous than Finland.
  5. Denmark also borders the Baltic Sea, but its climate is much more temperate than other countries on this list. This also has an affect on its sports culture, as it has little interest in ice hockey and is not nearly as good in the Winter Olympics as other countries on this list. Both countries are very flat but also highly urbanized and have a similar standard of living.
  6. Germany, 7. Austria, 8. France, 9. Luxembourg 10. Iceland

Top 10 Places Least Similar to Finland

  1. Yemen is a war-torn and extremely conservative Muslim country that unlike other countries on the Arabian Peninsula, is not well developed. The countries have no linguistic similarity as well.
  2. Somalia is located across the Gulf of Aden from Yemen. It is another anarchic, war-torn, Muslim country in stark contrast to Finland. Furthermore, Somalia has little infrastructure, while Finland has many cars and trains per person. However, both countries do use the Latin alphabet.
  3. Sudan is located in the Sahara Desert. It is another poor Muslim country, like others on this list, that has recently experienced internal conflicts. As a result, it lost some territory to the newly formed country of South Sudan.
  4. Eritrea is located on the Red Sea, next to Sudan. It is the only country on this list with a majority Christian population. However, they are mostly Oriental Orthodox. In addition, it is extremely poor and its government has been a dictatorship for almost 20 years.
  5. Bangladesh is another Muslim country with underdeveloped infrastructure on this list. While both countries have a lot of freshwater, Bangladesh gets far more rainfall and is also much hotter. It is also one of the most densely populated countries in the world, while Finland is quite sparse.
  6. Mauritania, 7. South Sudan, 8. Sierra Leone, 9. Gambia, 10. Niger

    Full Ranking of Countries and Territories Most Similar to Finland

Do you agree with the list?
Please leave any thoughts in the comments section.

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