Which Countries are Most Similar to Mongolia?

Have you ever wondered how similar or different two countries are? The Country Similarity Index attempts to quantify how similar countries are to each other relative to other countries. The index is a statistically-based way to measure this. The index weights equally five major aspects of countries: their demographics, culture, politics, technology, and geography. In addition each aspect was roughly balanced evenly between quantity/percentage and quality/type. See this post for a full explanation: https://objectivelists.home.blog/2020/05/30/country-similarity-index/

Similar to Central Asia

There are few countries with a high degree of similarity with Mongolia. Due to the heavy Russian influence in Mongolia, the top 5 countries most similar to Mongolia are all countries that were part of the former USSR. Although these countries share a similar culture and geography with Mongolia, the big difference is that Mongolia is mostly Buddhist, not Muslim. However, these countries have high levels of irreligion. Appropriately, Russia and China have about the same similarity when compared to Mongolia, due to its fusion of Russian and East Asian traits.

Top 10 Places Most Similar to Mongolia

  1. Kazakhstan is another landlocked country that borders both China and Russia. The area was once part of the vast Mongol Empire. They are two of the least densely populated countries in the world. Unlike other Central Asia countries, Kazakhstan and Mongolia both primarily use coal to generate power. In addition, both countries excel in wrestling.
  2. Kyrgyzstan is located between Kazakhstan and China. The ancestry of the people in Kyrgyzstan is more similar to Mongolia than other Central Asian countries. In fact, the area was once know as Moghulistan. However, Kyrgyzstan is much more mountainous and its climate is not quite as dry.
  3. Uzbekistan is another country similar to Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan that was once part of the Mongol Empire and also the Soviet Union. One difference is that Uzbekistan is almost entirely powered by natural gas. Uzbeks also eat far more fruits and vegetables than Mongolians.
  4. Turkmenistan is just to the south of Uzbekistan, so it has a greater Persian and Muslim influence. Although both countries have a single party that is dominant, Turkmenistan is an authoritarian dictatorship. In addition, unlike Mongolia, it uses a lot of water to irrigate its land.
  5. Tajikistan is the only country on this list without a majority of Turkic people since Tajiks are Persian. Still, it is another Central Asian country highly influenced by Russia. Both countries adopted the Cyrillic writing system although their native languages were originally written in a different script.
  6. Azerbaijan, 7. Russia, 8. China, 9. Ukraine, 10. Armenia

Top 10 Places Least Similar to Mongolia

  1. United Kingdom is a densely populated island, in contrast to landlocked Mongolia. In addition, not only is it vastly more developed, but its infrastructure is quite different since it drives on the left and has standard gauge railroad tracks. The biggest aspect they have in common is that they are both on the Eurasian plate and have distantly related flora and fauna. Both countries had ruled large parts of the world in the past, while Mongolia used horses to travel, while Britain used boats.
  2. United States is another country, similar to the United Kingdom, which has little similarity to Mongolia in demographics, culture, or technology. Although the United States has some dry grassland regions is relatively sparsely populated, the geography of the United States is much more diverse.
  3. New Zealand is yet another English-speaking country on this list. Like Britain, its infrastructure is quite different from Mongolia. One aspect that bumped New Zealand lower on this list is that it does have a significant population of East Asians.
  4. Canada and Mongolia are both cold, sparsely populated countries, but the similarity largely ends there. Canada has a lot more freshwater and coastline. In addition, Canada has a high GDP per capita and is highly urbanized.
  5. Bahrain is the only Muslim country on this list. Although it is has a dry climate, like Mongolia, it is a small, densely populated island in the Persian Gulf. In addition, the country is quite wealthy, due to its natural resources.
  6. Netherlands, 7. Denmark, 8. Belgium, 9. Trinidad & Tobago, 10. Bangladesh

    Full Ranking of Countries and Territories Most Similar to Mongolia

Do you agree with the list?
Please leave any thoughts in the comments section.



  1. Now I feel like that pedantic nerd nobody wants to listen to. The link for the full ranking just leads back to this page, though. Spain’s link is broken as well.


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