Which Countries are Most Similar to Romania?

Have you ever wondered how similar or different two countries are? The Country Similarity Index attempts to quantify how similar countries are to each other relative to other countries. The index is a statistically-based way to measure this. The index weights equally five major aspects of countries: their demographics, culture, politics, technology, and geography. In addition each aspect was roughly balanced evenly between quantity/percentage and quality/type. See this post for a full explanation: https://objectivelists.home.blog/2020/05/30/country-similarity-index/

Similar to other former Eastern Bloc members and Moldova

Many Eastern European countries are similar to Romania. The 4 of the top 5 countries were all members of the Eastern Bloc, so they were aligned with the Soviet Union, until the end of the Cold War. Nowadays these countries have all joined the European Union and NATO. Moldova is the only exception.

Top 10 Places Most Similar to Romania

  1. Moldova had been part of Romania until the end of World War II, when it became part of the Soviet Union. Both countries speak Romanian and have similar customs and traditions. However, it is smaller and less developed.
  2. Bulgaria is another Orthodox Christian nation, located just to the south of the Danube River. There actually have been a few proposals to unify the two countries before. They are among the poorest countries in the European Union. However, linguistically Bulgaria and Romania are far apart since Bulgaria speaks a Slavic language and uses the Cyrillic script.
  3. Poland is politically similar to Romania, since they have the same semi-presidential form of government and extremely similar laws. They both have free college and have generous welfare benefits, due to their shared socialist history. While both countries are quite religious, Poland is Catholic.
  4. Hungary borders Romania to the west. There is actually a large percentage of people speaking Hungarian in Transylvania, a remnant of the time when part of Romania was ruled by Austria-Hungary. In addition, Hungary’s agriculture is incredibly similar to Romania. They both produce mostly corn and wheat.
  5. Slovakia is yet another Catholic country on this list, despite Romania being Orthodox. Both countries still have a low level of urbanization compared to the rest of Europe. In addition, the countries have similar laws.
  6. Croatia, 7. Serbia, 8. Ukraine, 9. France, 10. Slovenia

Top 10 Places Least Similar to Romania

  1. Somalia is by far the least similar country to Romania. It is an anarchic, Muslim country that has poorly developed infrastructure. In addition, its hot desert climate contrasts Romania’s temperate forest landscape.
  2. Yemen is located on the Arabian Peninsula, across the Gulf of Aden from Somalia. It is another conservative Muslim country whose infrastructure is underdeveloped. 
  3. Sudan is located in the Sahara Desert. It is similar to both Somalia and Yemen. The country recently lost some territory to the newly formed country of South Sudan.
  4. Bangladesh is another yet another developing Muslim country on this list with little similarity to the Romania. It is a extremely densely populated and has a tropical monsoon climate.
  5. Papua New Guinea, like Romania, is a Christian country, however they are mostly Protestant. Apart from their religion, the countries have little similarity. Papua New Guinea is a sparsely populated, tropical island, with a small percentage of agricultural land.
  6. Solomon Islands, 7. Eritrea, 8. Gambia, 9. South Sudan, 10. Singapore

    Full Ranking of Countries and Territories Most Similar to the Romania

Do you agree with the list?
Please leave any thoughts in the comments section.


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