Which Countries are Most Similar to Bhutan? 2.0

Have you ever wondered how similar or different two countries are? The Country Similarity Index attempts to quantify how similar countries are to each other relative to other countries. The index is a statistically-based way to measure this. It weighs equally five major aspects of countries: their demographics, culture, politics, infrastructure, and geography. The methodology is exactly the same for each country. The research combines 1,000 different data points to arrive at the conclusions.

Similar to Nepal

There are very few countries with a high degree of similarity with Bhutan. This is because its culture and geography are extremely different from most other countries. It is a mixture of Indian and East Asian influences. Only Nepal has a significant degree of similarity. While Bhutan is highly similar to Tibet, it is not like the rest of China, especially in regards to its government and infrastructure.

The least similar countries are all more developed and their standard of living is higher. Furthermore, these countries have a higher population density and less forested land. They are all predominately Christian countries. The top four all natively speak Germanic languages.

Top 10 Places Most Similar to Bhutan

  1. Nepal is by far the most similar country to Bhutan. It is another landlocked country in the Himalayas that has little development. Due to their proximity to the mountains, both countries use mostly hydropower to create electricity. Nepal and Bhutan are highly influenced by their larger neighbor India. In fact, the Indian rupee is legal tender in both countries. However, they have some big differences as well. While the ancestry of Bhutanese is mostly East Asian, the ancestry of Nepalese is closer to Indians. Furthermore, while both countries have a significant percentage of Hindu and Buddhist people, Nepal has the highest percentage of Hindus of any country.
  2. Myanmar used to be part of British India, before it gained its independence. Like Bhutan, most of its people have East Asian ancestry and are Buddhists, however they follow a different school of Buddhism. In addition, Myanmar has the most linguistic similarity to Bhutan, since its language is distantly related and both countries use Indic writing systems, although Myanmar’s is quite different. In addition, Myanmar is fairly mountainous, although it is not located in the Himalayas.
  3. India, like Bhutan, has some of the highest rates of vegetarianism in the world. Since Bhutan has close ties to India, there is freedom of movement between the countries. Both drive on the left and use Type D electrical outlets. They also have democratic, parliamentary-style governments. However, like Nepal, the ancestry and religion of its people differ from Bhutan. It is also much more densely populated.
  4. Laos is another mountainous, landlocked, and heavily forested country. Both countries are mostly Buddhist and have East Asian ancestry as well. However, its one-party communist government is significantly different from Bhutan’s constitutional monarchy. In addition, Laos was colonized by France, while Bhutan was more influenced by the British. One big difference is its infrastructure. Laos drives on the right, uses one meter railroad gauge, different electrical outlets, and a different TV broadcasting standard.
  5. Malaysia is another heavily forested and mountainous Asian country. Although English is not an official language in either country, it is widely used to communicate among different ethnic groups in both. Both countries are constitutional monarchies. The biggest difference is religion. Malaysia is predominately Muslim, although about 20% of the country is Buddhist. In addition, Malaysia’s standard of living is significantly higher.
  6. Sri Lanka, 7. Indonesia, 8. Cambodia, 9. Pakistan, 10. Bangladesh

Top 10 Places Least Similar to Bhutan

  1. United States is the least similar country to Bhutan. The countries have little technological similarity, since USA drives on the right and uses Type A, B plus with a different voltage and frequency than in Bhutan. In addition, while the United States has one of the strongest militaries in the world, Bhutan has an extremely small army and no navy or air force. While the United States has one of the most meat heavy diets in the world, the government of Bhutan does not allow killing animals to eat them. Although both countries are democratic, the United States does not have a parliamentary style system of government.
  2. Netherlands is extremely flat, low-lying, and densely populated, in stark contrast to Bhutan. Moreover, it is far less religious and far more liberal than in Bhutan. Unlike Bhutan, prostitution and gambling are legal in the Netherlands. However, both countries are constitutional monarchies with parliamentary governments.
  3. Denmark is another extremely flat and low-lying country that is highly developed. In addition, Denmark has a lot of coastline, in contrast to Bhutan. While Denmark has one of the most heavily used train networks in the world. Bhutan does not even have a railroad in the country, although there are plans in the works.
  4. Germany is similar to both the Netherlands and Denmark, although Germany does not have a lot of coastline and is not as flat compared to them. However, unlike Denmark and the Netherlands, it does not have a constitutional monarch like Bhutan.The average personality of Germans is also completely different from Bhutanese according to the Lewis Model.
  5. Cuba‘s geography is essentially the opposite of Bhutan, since it is a tropical island that is quite flat and has little forested area, since it is mostly used for agriculture. Cuba’s government is also less democratic than Bhutan. While Cuba has been quite successful in the Olympics despite its relatively small population, no Bhutanese person has even placed in the top ten of any event.
  6. Finland, 7. Israel, 8. Belgium, 9. Luxembourg, 10. Australia

Full Ranking of Countries and Territories Most Similar to Bhutan

Do you agree with the list?
Please leave any thoughts in the comments section.


  1. Bhutan is mostly similiar to the Sino-Tibetan groups of Nepal and to Tibet, but not to the Khas part of Nepal or the Han Chinese part of China. Bhutan is still culturally related to the Sinosphere, but in the same way as Europe, Middle East, and West Asia to each other.

    I mean, Bhutan does’nt feel Chinese, but it also does’nt feel completely unrelated. Same as Germany to Saudi Arabia to India.


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