Have you ever wondered how similar or different two countries are? The Country Similarity Index attempts to quantify how similar countries are to each other relative to other countries. The index is a statistically-based objective way to measure this. The index weights equally five major aspects of countries: their demographics, culture, politics, technology, and geography. In addition each aspect was roughly balanced evenly between quantity/percentage and quality/type. See this post for a full explanation: https://objectivelists.home.blog/2020/05/30/country-similarity-index/
Similar to Mostly White, English-Speaking Countries
The top 5 countries most similar to the Australia have all been part of the United Kingdom at one time or another so they share similar traits. These countries are composed of a majority White and English-speaking population. They are also predominately Christian nations that have well developed infrastructure.
Top 10 Places Most Similar to Australia
- New Zealand is by far the most similar country to Australia. It was even asked to be one of Australia’s states when it formed. Both are former British colonies with similar politics and culture. However, its climate is much wetter and has more moderate temperatures.
- Canada is another former British colony similar to Australia. They also share similar politics and culture. Their geography is both similar and different. On one hand both countries have large swathes of land that are uninhabited with relatively little agricultural land. In addition, both are highly urbanized. However, Canada is on the opposite side of the Earth and much colder.
- United Kingdom originally founded Australia, so it is no wonder that they are high on this list as well. Most Australians trace their ancestry back to Britain than any other country. However its geography is significantly different from the United Kingdom.
- Ireland also has similar culture and demographics to Australia in part because of its similarity to Britain, but also because over 10% of the Australian population claims to have Irish ancestry. However, unlike other English speaking countries on this list, Ireland is mostly Catholic.
- United States is another former British colony characterized by a large European immigrant population. However, unlike Australia, New Zealand, and Canada, it became independent from Britain much later, so the United States is less similar to Australia than the other countries on the list.
- Sweden, 7. Norway, 8. Germany, 9. Denmark, 10. Netherlands
Top 10 Places Least Similar to Australia
- Somalia is an anarchic, Muslim country in Africa. It has poorly developed infrastructure and its politics are very conservative, in contrast to Australia.
- Yemen is across the Gulf of Aden from Somalia. It is another anarchic Muslim country that is poorly developed and very conservative.
- Burundi is a landlocked rural African country with very little development and extremely conservative politics. Although they are Christian, a majority of their people are Catholic, whereas Australians are mostly Protestant and also much less religious overall.
- Eritrea is a totalitarian one-party dictatorship and has poorly developed infrastructure. However its climate is dry, like Australia.
- Laos is is a landlocked mountainous Southeast Asian country. In addition, Laos and Australia have very different demographics and culture.
- Chad, 7. Mauritania, 8. Guinea-Bissau, 9. Sudan, 10. Cambodia
Do you agree with the list?
Please leave any thoughts in the comments section.