Which Countries are Most Similar to Ethiopia?

Have you ever wondered how similar or different two countries are? The Country Similarity Index attempts to quantify how similar countries are to each other relative to other countries. The index is a statistically-based objective way to measure this. The index weights equally five major aspects of countries: their demographics, culture, politics, technology, and geography. In addition each aspect was roughly balanced evenly between quantity/percentage and quality/type. See this post for a full explanation: https://objectivelists.home.blog/2020/05/30/country-similarity-index/

Similar to Eritrea, Somalia, and other Sub-Saharan African countries

Like many African countries, Ethiopia has a mix of Christians and Muslims, although most Christians are part of the unique Oriental Orthodox denomination. It is also very rural and its infrastructure is not well developed.

Top 10 Places Most Similar to Ethiopia

  1. Eritrea is by far the most similar country to Ethiopia. It was annexed by Ethiopia in 1962, but it regained its independence in the 1990s. Both countries have a mix of Sunni Muslims and Oriental Orthodox Christians. In addition, both countries use the unique Ge’ez script. They also speak Afroasiatic languages, although Amharic is not widely spoken in Eritrea.
  2. Somalia is also on the Horn of Africa. Somalia and Ethiopia are among the poorest countries in the world. The Somali language used to use the Ge’ez script before they switched to the Latin alphabet. However, Somalia has very few Christians. In addition, while Ethiopia is landlocked, Somalia has many beautiful beaches.
  3. Tanzania is another country like Ethiopia that is about two-thirds Christian and one-third Muslim. Both countries have a high average elevation and are quite mountainous. However, they are quite different linguistically since Tanzanians mostly speak Bantu languages and use the Latin alphabet.
  4. Chad is another African country that uses a Semetic language as its lingua franca. In addition, it has large amounts of both Muslims and Christians. One big difference is their landscape. Although both countries are landlocked, Chad’s landscape has a far greater percentage of desert. It is also less mountainous.
  5. Djibouti is another country on the Horn of Africa that is similar to Somalia, however it is much more prosperous. It used to be a French colony, but its people are mostly Muslim. Djibouti’s agriculture is also far different from Ethiopia. There is far less farming and they mostly grow beans.
  6. South Sudan, 7. Burkina Faso, 8. Uganda, 9. Benin, 10. Togo

Top 10 Places Least Similar to Ethiopia

  1. Japan has obvious demographic and cultural differences with Ethiopia. In addition, their technology is far different, since they drive on the left and have a completely different electrical system, using 100 volt Type A,B outlets. Furthermore, there are far more planes, trains, and airplanes in Japan.  
  2. New Zealand is another temperate and mountainous group of islands in the Pacific Ocean, like Japan. It is also one of the most liberal countries, unlike Ethiopia. Although both countries are mostly Christian, New Zealand is not particularly religious. 
  3. Canada is one of the coldest countries and one of the most sparsely populated countries with a high rate of urbanization, whereas Ethiopia has one of the hottest places on Earth and is much more rural. They also share little cultural or demographic similarity.
  4. Taiwan is another densely populated Asian island country on this list. Like Japan, its demographics and culture are quite different from Ethiopia. Its infrastructure is far more developed as well. 
  5. Iceland is a highly developed island country, which has much more liberal policies than Ethiopia. Although, like New Zealand, it is mostly Christian, Iceland is not particularly religious. In addition, while Somalia is totally reliant on oil to produce its electricity, Iceland uses mostly renewable energy sources.
  6. United States, 7.United Kingdom, 8. Denmark, 9. Ireland, 10. Netherlands

Full Ranking of Countries and Territories Most Similar to Ethiopia

Do you agree with the list?
Please leave any thoughts in the comments section.


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