Which Countries are Most Similar to Cyprus? 2.0

Have you ever wondered how similar or different two countries are? The Country Similarity Index attempts to quantify how similar countries are to each other relative to other countries. The index is a statistically-based way to measure this. It weighs equally five major aspects of countries: their demographics, culture, politics, infrastructure, and geography. The methodology is exactly the same for each country. The research combines 1,000 different data points to arrive at the conclusions.

Similar to other Mediterranean countries in Europe

Cyprus is a relatively unique country. Four of the top five countries are in the European Union and 4 of them border the Mediterranean Sea. They are known for their scenic beaches and are also quite mountainous. In addition, they are all Christian countries that are some of the most religious in Europe.

Three of the least similar countries to Cyprus are in Africa, while the other two are located in Southeast Asia. These countries have a much lower standard of living than Cyprus. They are also less democratic. Their infrastructure is also different than Cyprus, since the five least similar countries all drive on the right and do not use Type G, electrical outlets.

Top 10 Places Most Similar to Cyprus

  1. Greece is by far the most similar country to Cyprus. It is the only other country where a majority of the population speaks Greek. It even has the same national anthem. However, there are also some significant differences, since Greece has a far lower percentage of Muslims, although both are mostly Orthodox Christian. Greece also was not ruled by the British Empire.
  2. Portugal is much less similar to Cyprus than Greece, but it does have a similar climate to Cyprus, although Portugal doesn’t actually border the Mediterranean Sea. Neither of their governments use the parliamentary system and instead have presidents that are elected by popular vote. One difference is that the Portuguese tend to drink more wine, although the people in both countries do drink a lot of alcohol. Like other countries on this list, it is mostly Catholic not Orthodox Christian.
  3. Spain is yet another country on the Iberian peninsula on this list. Both countries are big tourist destinations and have similar climates. In addition both Spain and Cyprus have been occupied by Muslim powers in their past. Spain was ruled by the Moors, while Cyprus was once ruled by the Ottomans and still has a significant Turkish population. Spain’s agriculture is also similar. Both countries grow olives and barley.
  4. Italy also has a lot of beautiful coastline bordering the Mediterranean Sea. Furthermore, Italy’s laws are also incredibly similar to Cyprus. Both allow civil unions for same sex couples. They also allow abortion and unorganized prostitution.
  5. Montenegro is a mostly Orthodox Christian country, but it also does have a significant Muslim population, just like Cyprus. Both countries have a relatively high percentage of their people in their military. However, Montenegro is not in the European Union like the top four countries in this list. Montenegrins also tend to be taller on average.
  6. North Macedonia, 7. Croatia, 8. Bulgaria, 9. Albania, 10. Slovenia

Top 10 Places Least Similar to Cyprus

  1. Democratic Republic of Congo is a nearly landlocked, heavily forested country in Africa. It was once a colony of Belgium, so its official language is French. Although both countries are mostly Christian, the Democratic Republic of Congo has few Orthodox Christians, since there are mostly Protestants and Catholics there.
  2. Somalia is an anarchic, mostly Muslim country that has poorly developed infrastructure. Its conservative policies contrast the more liberal laws in Cyprus. Abortion, pornography, and alcohol are not allowed there. However both countries have relatively long coastlines and fairly close in distance.
  3. Cambodia is the least similar country to Cyprus in Asia. The country gets much more rainfall than Cyprus and much of its land is devoted to growing rice. In addition, most people in Cambodia are Buddhist. Furthermore, they use the unique Khmer script for their writing.
  4. Sudan is a Muslim country located in the Sahara Desert. Both countries were once protectorates of Great Britain, although they have little else in common. Sudan recently lost some territory to the newly formed country of South Sudan. As a result of Civil War, its infrastructure is very poor. Its conservative Muslim policies and authoritarian government also make it quite different from Cyprus.
  5. Laos is similar to Cambodia. It is another mostly Buddhist country in Southeast Asia on this list. The country is landlocked. Its culture is also far different from Cyprus. Its people are less outgoing, according to the Lewis Model. The diet in this country mostly consists of rice, in contrast to Cyprus, where wheat and potato based products are more common.
  6. Mauritania, 7. North Korea, 8. Mali, 9. Eritrea, 10. Niger

    Full Ranking of Countries and Territories Most Similar to Cyprus

Do you agree with the list?
Please leave any thoughts in the comments section.


  1. 6) NORTH MACEDONIA is another mountainous country to the north of Greece. About 25% of its people are Muslim and also the majority of them are Eastern Orthodox, so its demographics and culture are very similar. In addition, both countries grow a lot of wheat and corn, but Cyprus grows more olives, while North Macedonia grows more barley, due to a slightly cooler and drier climate. Another difference is that the country is landlocked, and not an island, despite having a lot of lakes at the Greek-Albanian borders.

    7) CROATIA is yet another Catholic country on this list, despite Greece and Cyprus being Orthodox. It borders the Mediterranean and is quite mountainous, just like Greece and Cyprus. It is also a scenic tourist destination. Both countries are quite interested in basketball and excel at the Olympics. Croatia has also a lot of coastline, except not being an island, but instead, has a lot of islands.

    8) BULGARIA is located on the shore of the Black Sea, but it has many of the same characteristics as Cyprus. Both countries are primarily Eastern Orthodox, but about 10 percent of their population is Muslim. In addition, they both have a federal holiday for St. George’s Day. However, unlike Cyprus, Bulgaria, though was never part of the Soviet Union, uses Russian-made battle tanks and assault weapons, and has more of a Russian influence on its culture and politics, in contrast to the once British-administered Cyprus. Also, both countries have extremely similar demographics and culture. Furthermore, Greeks, Turks and Armenians are also the largest minorities in both countries, albeit with the Turks being the largest in Bulgaria. Also, both countries receive a lot of tourists from Britain, and migrant workers from Russia.

    9) ALBANIA had been part of the Ottoman Empire for hundreds of years, until it gained independence in 1912, and also has quite a large Greek community, so it’s no wonder why the country is so similar. It has one of the highest percentages of Greeks in Europe. Their culture is also similar. Also, like the northern part of Cyprus, Albania has much more Muslims than any country entirely in Europe. Both countries are quite mountainous and border the Mediterranean Sea.

    10) SLOVENIA is to the north of Croatia. Both countries are also in the European Union. The two have also won skiing and rowing medals at the Olympics, with the sole exception being Cyprus who, ironically, has some snowfall, especially in Troodos. Their agriculture is similar as well, since they both predominately produce corn and wheat, but also wine, grapes, tomatoes, cucumbers and olives, especially in the Slovenian Istria. However, Slovenia has very little coastline, its languages and writing systems, while distantly related to those of Cyprus, are different, and its climate is slightly colder.


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