Have you ever wondered how similar or different two countries are? The Country Similarity Index attempts to quantify how similar countries are to each other relative to other countries. The index is a statistically-based way to measure this. The index weights equally five major aspects of countries: their demographics, culture, politics, technology, and geography. In addition each aspect was roughly balanced evenly between quantity/percentage and quality/type. See this post for a full explanation: https://objectivelists.home.blog/2020/05/30/country-similarity-index/
Similar to Southern Slavic countries
The top 5 countries most similar to Albania were occupied (at least in part) by the Ottomans at some point. In addition, the top 4 were all part of Yugoslavia as well. Although Albania is not a Slavic country, the top 5 most similar are. Although Albania is a mostly Muslim country, its government is secular and many of its people are not practicing Muslims. Kosovo was not included in this list because many major statistics gathering organizations include it with Serbia.
Top 10 Places Most Similar to Albania
- North Macedonia is another mountainous country to the east of Albania. About 25% of its people have Albanian ethnicity and are Muslim, so its demographics and culture are very similar. In addition, both countries grow a lot of wheat and corn, but Albania grows more olives, while North Macedonia grows more barley, due to a slightly cooler and drier climate.
- Montenegro is just to the north of Albania. Montenegro’s government is especially like Albania’s since they are both secular multi-party democracies with extremely similar laws. They both do not allow same-sex marriage, criminalize polygamy, and prohibit prostitution. One big difference is that Montenegro’s agriculture is quite different. They grow a lot of fruits, especially grapes, and tend to drink more wine.
- Bosnia & Herzegovina is the only other European country with a majority Muslim population, although it has far more Christians. Unlike Albania, Bosnia does not have much coastline, but it is quite mountainous.
- Serbia is another country that has a significant that has a significant Albanian population, if Kosovo is included as part of Serbia. Both countries are multi-party democracies with similar laws. However, Serbia’s military and medical infrastructure is more developed.
- Bulgaria is yet another Slavic country on this list. Both countries were ruled by the Communist Party, during which time religion was suppressed, so neither country is particularly religious. Bulgaria does still have a small Muslim population. One difference is that unlike Albanian, Bulgarian is written in the Cyrillic alphabet.
- Croatia, 7. Turkey, 8. Romania 9. Slovakia, 10. Armenia
Top 10 Places Least Similar to Albania
- South Sudan is a primarily Christian country located in East Africa. It is landlocked and quite flat, unlike Albania. It is quite poor and its infrastructure is not well-developed.
- Singapore is a small tropical island city-state, near Malaysia, so its geography is vastly different from Albania, which is sparsely populated and quite mountainous. While Singapore is filled with skyscrapers, Albania does not have any, although it does have many high-rises. In addition, Singapore’s infrastructure is extremely different from Albania, since they drive on the left and use Type G electrical outlets.
- Solomon Islands is located in Melanesia. The tropical rainforest nation shares few things in common with Albania, since its demographics and culture are vastly different. In addition, their technology is quite different since they drive on the left, use Type I electrical outlets, and have no railways in use, unlike Albania.
- Papua New Guinea is another country very similar to the Solomon Islands, so its demographics and culture are also vastly different. It is one of the hottest and wettest countries in the world. However, both countries are quite mountainous.
- Eritrea is an African country with a majority Christian population, although they do have some Muslims as well. It is totalitarian one-party dictatorship and has poorly developed infrastructure. Linguistically, Eritrea has no similarity as well since they speak Afroasiatic languages and use the Ge’ez script.
- Yemen, 7. Japan, 8. Cambodia, 9. Taiwan, 10. Sudan
Do you agree with the list?
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