Which Countries are Most Similar to Colombia?


Have you ever wondered how similar or different two countries are? The Country Similarity Index attempts to quantify how similar countries are to each other relative to other countries. The index is a statistically-based objective way to measure this. The index weights equally five major aspects of countries: their demographics, culture, politics, technology, and geography. In addition each aspect was roughly balanced evenly between quantity/percentage and quality/type. See this post for a full explanation: https://objectivelists.home.blog/2020/05/30/country-similarity-index/

Similar to other Latin American countries

Latin American countries are especially similar to Colombia. They are generally Catholic, speak Romance languages, and have similar governments. Panama, Ecuador and Venezuela are especially similar and have virtually the same scores. It makes sense since they were all part of the same country at one time.

Top 10 Places Most Similar to Colombia

  1. Panama was the last country to break away from Colombia, achieving independence in 1903 with the help of the United States. Like Colombia, it borders both the Caribbean Sea and the Pacific Ocean. It shares similar culture and demographics.
  2. Ecuador gained its independence from Colombia significantly earlier, in 1830. Its flag is also nearly identical to Colombia, except it has a coat of arms on it. However, Ecuador has more indigenous people.
  3. Venezuela would easily be the most similar to Colombia if politics were not a factor. Venezuela is less democratic and isn’t an ally of the United States. Colombia and Venezuela’s demographics and culture are extremely similar. They both are mostly rainforests and border the Caribbean Sea.
  4. Costa Rica‘s agriculture is more similar to Colombia than any other country. Both produce a lot of coffee and sugar. One big difference is that Costa Rica has no active military, while Colombia has the third largest army in the Western Hemisphere.
  5. Peru is further south than Ecuador. While both countries are in the Andes Mountains, Peru has some desert areas. In addition, it has many more indigenous people and less Africans. Still, Colombia and Peru have a lot of traits in common.
  6. Mexico, 7. Brazil, 8. Dominican Republic, 9. Honduras, 10. Nicaragua

Top 10 Places Least Similar to Colombia

  1. Somalia is by far the least similar country to Colombia. Its governmental policies influenced by its Muslim population are extremely conservative, compared to more liberal Colombia. In addition, the countries are on opposite ends of the precipitation scale, as Colombia is a rainforest, while Somalia is a desert.
  2. Yemen is located in the Arabian Desert across the Gulf of Aden from Somalia. It is another impoverished Muslim country with little demographic, cultural, or technological similarity to Colombia. 
  3. Kuwait is also in the Arabian Desert. However unlike Yemen, it is one of the richest countries per capita. Kuwait is densely populated and highly developed.
  4. Japan is another densely populated, highly developed country. Obviously, their culture and demographics is quite dissimilar from Colombia. One thing they do have in common is that they are both quite mountainous.
  5. Sudan is yet another Muslim country on this list. Its conservative governmental policies are quite unlike Colombia’s. In addition, its government is lead by the military, following a recent coup.
  6. Qatar, 7. Bahrain, 8. Afghanistan 9. Bhutan, 10. United Arab Emirates

    Full Ranking of Countries and Territories Most Similar to Colombia

Do you agree with the list?
Please leave any thoughts in the comments section.


  1. Thanks, very interesting. The headline of the email that was sent was “which countries are most similar to mexico” so you should fix it. Still waiting for Israel list.


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