Which Countries are Most Similar to Cuba?


Have you ever wondered how similar or different two countries are? The Country Similarity Index attempts to quantify how similar countries are to each other relative to other countries. The index is a statistically-based way to measure this. The index weights equally five major aspects of countries: their demographics, culture, politics, technology, and geography. In addition each aspect was roughly balanced evenly between quantity/percentage and quality/type. See this post for a full explanation: https://objectivelists.home.blog/2020/05/30/country-similarity-index/

Similar to other Spanish-speaking countries bordering the Caribbean 

Most Latin American countries have a high degree similarity with each other. However, Cuba is an exception, especially due to its politics. Dominican Republic and Venezuela are the most similar, along with other countries in Central America.

Top 10 Places Most Similar to Cuba

  1. Dominican Republic is another Spanish-speaking island nation in the Greater Antilles. Both countries share a similar culture, especially in regards to sports as they both produce many baseball players, but aren’t so great at soccer. However, Cuba and Dominican Republic’s politics are quite different. While Cuba is a single-party socialist country, Dominican Republic is a multi-party democracy.
  2. Venezuela is more similar to Cuba than Dominican Republic in regards to politics. The country implemented many socialist policies under former president Hugo Chavez. They both have free college, universal healthcare, and generous pensions. In addition, the military equipment of both countries has been mostly supplied by Russia.
  3. Nicaragua is the country in Central America most similar to Cuba. Like Cuba, Nicaragua is largely ruled by a socialist party, the Sandinista National Liberation Front, however it is more democratic than Cuba, since other political parties are allowed. Both countries have tropical climates with similar flora and fauna, however Nicaragua has volcanos and more mountains.
  4. Mexico is another Spanish-speaking, mostly Catholic country in North America whose history has been heavily influenced by the United States. However, Mexico has some significant differences from Cuba. Its landscape is more arid and mountainous. While both countries have a significant amount of European ancestry, Mexico has a higher percentage of Native American ancestry, while Cuba has a higher percentage of African ancestry. 
  5. Panama and Cuba had both been occupied by the United States and subsequently gained their independence, although Panama has kept a closer relationship with the United States recently. In countries share significant cultural and demographic similarity. Panama has the highest amount of African ancestry of Spanish-speaking countries in the Caribbean, other than Cuba.
  6. Costa Rica, 7. El Salvador, 8. Colombia, 9. Honduras, 10. Belize

Top 10 Places Least Similar to Cuba

  1. Bhutan is a landlocked country on the opposite side of the world. In contrast to Cuba’s low-lying landscape, Bhutan has the highest average elevation in the world. The country has especially unique traditions since its people are mostly devout Buddhists. Cubans on the other hand are mostly Catholic and the government has an official policy of state atheism.
  2. Somalia is an anarchic, Muslim country in Africa that has poorly developed infrastructure. Its conservative culture contrasts Cuba’s much more liberal society. However, there are a couple of ways Somalia is like Cuba. Both countries use oil to produce most of their energy. In addition, their weather is hot, although Somalia is much drier.
  3. Afghanistan is sort of a combination of Bhutan and Somalia, as it is a Muslim country that is mountainous and landlocked. Afghanistan is much poorer than Cuba. However, one similarity the countries do share is that they both have received a lot of aid from the Soviet Union and Russia over the years. 
  4. Nepal is a similar country to Bhutan. It is also landlocked, extremely mountainous, and is quite rural. However Nepal differs from Bhutan in the fact that most its people practice Hinduism.
  5. Japan has little demographic or cultural similarity with Cuba. In addition, its infrastructure is extremely different as Japan drives on the left and has a high number of cars per capita. In addition, its railroads are much more developed and they use a different gauge. However, Japan has two big similarities with Cuba. Both are island nations that love baseball.
  6. Yemen, 7. Papua New Guinea, 8. Malawi, 9. Niger, 10. Brunei

    Full Ranking of Countries and Territories Most Similar to Cuba

Do you agree with the list?
Please leave any thoughts in the comments section.

1 Comment

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s